Chapter 2: Action Agenda

  BIODIVERSITY

ISSUES /
CONCERNS
STRATEGY /
ACTION AGENDA
TARGETS TIME
TABLE
INSTITUTIONS
INVOLVED
1.  Loss of Biodiversity A.  Expand and improve knowledge on characteristics uses and values of biological diversity
1.1  Conduct an inventory of plant, animal and microbial resource including fossils Baseline information on the flora and fauna, including microbes, in various types of habitats and ecosystems established 2015 DENR, NGOs, DOST, DA, Academe, research institutions, National Museum
(a)  Identify and map out biodiversity-rich areas not covered by NIPAS or declared protected areas Critical habitats and species-rich areas including those supporting endemic species of threatened and rare flora and fauna, and those showcasing relevant indigenous knowledge, techniques and practices which are not under NIPAS or declared protected areas identified 2000 NAMRIA, BSWM, DOST, DENR, Academe, National Museum, research institutions, private institutions
(b)  Conduct an inventory and identify plant and animal resources in biodiversity-rich, non-NIPAS, non-declared protected marine areas Biodiversity-rich marine areas (especially non-NIPAS) identified 2000 DENR, NGOs/POs, Academe, National Museum, research institutions
(c)  Undertake base mapping and GIS of marine biodiversity-rich areas in the Philippines Vertical area photography and topographic base maps of 21 marine protected areas and other identified biodiversity-rich areas produced 1998 DENR, NGOs/POs, Academe, communities, NAMRIA
(d)  Conduct biodiversity assessment in selected forest areas Biodiversity assessment in three (3) residual forest sites conducted 2001 DENR, ERDB, ERDS, TLAs, NGOs/POs
1.2  Assess the rate of change in selected marine, small islands The rate of change in selected ecosystems determined 2000 UP-MSI, DENR, Academe, DOST, research institutions, DA-BFAR
1.3  Identify environmental indicators as indices in assessing impacts in coastal ecosystems Species, numerical relationships, and population behavior and functions as indices of impacts on the health of coastal ecosystems identified 2000 ICLARM, DA-BFAR, Academe, research institutions
1.4  Document indigenous knowledge, techniques and practices on biodiversity conservation and sustainable development Database on indigenous knowledge, techniques and practices pertaining to natural resource utilization and biodiversity generated 1998 DENR, DOST, DA, NGOs/POs, communities, National Museum, research institutions
1.5  Unification of the DOE Energy Plan with the NIPAS  Program
B.  Enhance biodiversity conservation efforts At least 10% damaged critical habitats rehabilitated/restored annually starting 1997 DENR, LGUs, NGOs/POs, communities, research institutions
1.6  Restore/rehabilitate damaged critical habitats Marine, wetland and terrestrial sites included and declared as IPAS Oct - Dec 1996 PCSD, DENR, Congress
Large-scale projects which are potentially to be located in NIPAS areas replanned/relocated 1996 DENR, relevant agencies
1.7  Establish and improve in-situ conservation facilities for wetland habitats One in-situ conservation facility for each wetland habitat identified 2000 DENR, Academe, communities, National Museum, research institutions
1.8  Establish in-situ conservation of wildlife relatives of crops and strengthen support to on-farm agricultural biodiversity conservation In-situ conservation areas where wild relatives of crops are located established 1998 DA, DENR, communities, NGOs/POs, Academe, research institutions, National Museum
Mechanisms/schemes to enhance on-farm agricultural biodiversity conservation developed 1997
1.9  Conduct inter-habitat connectivity studies from forests to coastal habitats Baseline information on biodiversity characteristics of habitats established 1998 DENR, DA, National Museum, Academe, research institutions
1.10  Formulate a National Ecotourism Development Plan with the participation of various stakeholders National Ecotourism Development Plan formulated 1998 DENR, DOT, communities, NGOs/POs, Academe, private sector, National Museum, research institutions
1.11  Establish Wildlife Rescue and Refuge Centers in critical areas One Wildlife Rescue and Refuge Center in each critical area established 1998 DENR, Academe, LGUs, private sector, research institutions
1.12  Enhance existing Botanic Gardens which showcase the indigenous flora and fauna in the country and serve as center for taxonomic and biological conservation research National Botanic Garden of UP in Laguna and other areas upgraded and improved 1998 DENR, DOST, Academe, National Museum, research institutions
1.13  Established a Gene/Seed Bank for animals and for lesser known crops and under-utilized species, which is accessible to various stakeholders A Gene/Seed Bank for animal genetic resources and under-utilized species established 2000 DENR, DA, DOST, Academe, National Museum, PhilRice, research institutions
1.14  Identify and declare protected areas for marine mammals (both endemic and migratory) Protected area in Taņon Strait and other sites established 1997 DENR, Academe, communities, National Museum, Congress, research institutions
C.  Strengthen the capacities for institutionalizing biodiversity conservation  and management
1.15  Create a Philippine Biodiversity Conservation Center which will undertake the maintenance and dissemination of information or databases and undertake researches on biodiversity Philippine Biodiversity Conservation Center established 1997 DENR, Academe, National Museum, research institutions
1.16  Conduct a training on community organization and biodiversity conservation for local stakeholders At least 10 communities trained per year 1997 DENR, Academe, communities
1.17  Increase biodiversity conservation awareness and establish and implement information program for local communities Information program in at least 10 communities established and implemented 1997 DENR, LGUs, Academe, NGOs/POs, communities, DES, PIA
(a)  Popularize educational materials on biodiversity conservation ethics and strategies Popularized materials on biodiversity produced and disseminated; latest discoveries, conservation status, etc., of Philippine fauna and flora popularized through various forms of IEC 1997 DENR, LGUs, Academe, communities, DOST, NGOs/POs, PIA, DECS
(b)  Conduct technical competency training on biodiversity research for local communities At least ten local communities trained on biodiversity research 1997 DENR, LGUs, Academe, communities, NGOs/POs, research institutions, DECS
D.  Mobilize an integrated information education and communication (IEC) system for biodiversity conservation A system for implementing biodiversity conservation activities developed 2005 - 2025 DENR, NGOs, communities
1.18  Increase biodiversity conservation awareness and implement  an information program for local communities Educational materials on biodiversity conservation ethics and strategies popularized
Integrated IEC system on biodiversity conservation implemented
1.19  Implement a community-based biodiversity conservation education and research program Community-based biodiversity conservation education and research program conducted
Technical competency training on biodiversity research conducted
Pilot village for biodiversity research and management information system established
Community-based biodiversity education for local communities developed and managed
E.  Promote the development of value-added products and alternative sustainable livelihood activities for bioresources-dependent communities
1.20  Provide technical assistance for the conduct of feasibility study on alternative sustainable livelihood schemes and arrangements At least 30 bioresources-dependent communities trained per year 1997 DTI, DOST/TLRC, DA, DAR, NGOs/POs, financial institutions, communities, research institutions, LGUs
1.21  Strengthen local communities in the development and management of livelihood enterprises NGOs/POS, IPs, other major groups
F.  Strengthen international cooperation on biodiversity conservation and management ASEAN Regional Center on Biodiversity Conservation established 1998 DENR, DOST, Academe
1.22  Support the establishment of ASEAN Regional Center on Biodiversity Conservation
2.  Problems/ Conflicts in the Implementation of the NIPAS Law 2.1  Increase IP representation in the PAMB IP representation in the PAMB is ensured/increased 1997 PAMB
2.2  Careful selection of IP representatives in PAMB to ensure their recognition by the different IP communities
3.  Bioprospecting 3.1  Undertake a valuation and accounting of direct and indirect goods and services from biodiversity and bio-resources with the participation of the stakeholders Economic, ecological and option values of biodiversity and bio-resources estimated starting 1997 DENR, DOST, NGOs/POs, Academe, communities, research institutions
3.2  Prepare a compendium of biodiversity-related laws 1997 DENR, Academe, research institutions, NGOs/POs, Congress
(a)  Assess the extent of coverage of biodiversity concerns in current legislations
(b)  Identify overlaps and conflicts in current provisions on biodiversity 
3.3  Formulate proposed legislations to fill in the existing gaps and resolve conflicts in current legislations, if any. Biodiversity legislations formulated 1998 DENR, LGUs, Congress, NGOs/POs, academe, communities, research institutions
Rights of communities for their indigenous biodiversities through patent and quarantine codified
3.4  Strictly implement EO 247 "prescribing Guidelines and Establishing a Regulatory Framework for the Prospecting of Biological and Genetic Resources, their Products and Derivatives, for Scientific and Commercial Purposes and Other Purposes" EO 247 strictly implemented  1996 DENR, IACBGR, academe, NGOs/POs, communities, DOST, LGUs, National Museum
3.5  Raise the level of awareness of local and indigenous communities Popular materials on bioprospecting distributed to local and indigenous communities produced 1997 DENR, LGUs, IACBGR, academe, NGOs/POs, communities
15 regional seminars on bioprospecting conducted 1997 NGOs, LGUs
3.6  Advocate for the adoption of an ASEAN policy on access to biological and genetic resources and the equitable sharing of benefits sharing arising from commercialization ASEAN policy on access to genetic and biological resources advocated 1998 DENR, NGOs/POs, academe, research institutions
4.  Conservation of Endemic Species 4.1  Conduct a study on the ecology and population of forest and wetlands ecosystems Ecological requirements of selected species of flora and fauna in forest and wetland ecosystems which are in or near-crisis condition studied 2000 DENR, DA, National Museum, academe, research institutions
4.2  Study the population biology of threatened and endangered species of flora and fauna Database on the population biology of endangered species of flora and fauna in the Philippines established 2000 DENR, PAWB, academe, research institutions

List of ACRONYMS

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