Recognized as one of the most important watershed areas in the country, the
92,450-ha landscape was proclaimed as a Protected Landscape on 24 September
1985. The purpose of the proclamation was primarily to protect the area from
The entire protected area consists of many small streams, creeks, rivers, and springs.
Lake Sebu is one of the water bodies that provide irrigation water for rice lands
throughout the provinces of South Cotabato and Sultan Kudarat.
The reserve area boasts a large number of human population. Two leading tribal peoples,
the Tboli and the Ubo, make their home on and around Lake Sebu for centuries.
Although the Tbolis are known for their skill in weaving and making brassware, the
main sources of livelihood are fishing and farming. Roughly half of the land within the
watershed is under cultivation.
Despite of the human presence, wildlife is still commonly observed. Communities of birds
such as Philippine cockatoos, swallows, kingfishers, kites, herons, and egrets have made
their permanent homes in the area. Philippine deer and wild pig are still seen but are
extremely rare and considered endangered.
To protect this vital resource, the Department of Environment and Natural Resources is
undergoing reforestation in open lands and grasslands within the protected area. A bamboo
plantation was also established in the southeastern portion of the watershed. Other
conservation efforts are being explored involving all members of the communities within
the area so that sustained development can continue without undue damage to Lake