Chapter 2: Action Agenda


1.  INTEGRATING SD IN GOVERNANCE 1.1  Integrate SD principles/vision/parameters into decision-making processes (planning, policy formulation, project and program development, etc.) SD incorporated in the planning and budgeting guidelines 1997 NEDA, DBM
An EIA system for reviewing agency budgets developed and implemented starting with the 1998 budget 1997 DENR, DBM
Environmental units in all agencies established 1997 all agencies
At least one representative appointed in the GOCC Boards to look after SD concerns 1997 OP
Multisectoral and multidisciplinary character of planning units strengthened at all levels and agencies 1997 All agencies, LGUs
Local PCSD units set-up to act as the planning and monitoring body for SD 1997 All agencies, civil society, business sector
New and innovative mechanisms for public participation including strategic alliances action networks, core groups and round tables developed and adopted 1997 - onwards All agencies, civil society, business sector
Access to environment/SD information improved by setting up SD reading corner in all government agencies and establishing computerized information system, local internet 1997 All agencies
Regular reporting on the state of SD evolved or institutionalized as a basis for monitoring progress 1997 - onwards PCSD, All agencies, LGUs
SD indicators/monitoring system developed and institutionalized 1997 - onwards PCSD, All agencies 
SD principles integrated into agency performance areas or mission statements, Local Government Executive performance indicators and IRA system 1997 - onwards  OP, All agencies, LGUs
1.2  Build constituency for sustainable development within government Proposals to integrate the "Environment Intelligence Quotient" tests for career service officers and other government personnel developed in coordination with CSC 1997 CSC, DENR
1.3   Build an business sustainable development constituency and environmental consciousness ISO 9000, ISO 14000, 14001 - 14013 adopted through the DTI/BOI (for standards, policies and incentives) 1998 DTI / BOI
Industrial estates required to provide assistance to EIS proponents of firms locating in these estates and monitoring for ECC compliance including health services 1996 DILG
2.  CREATING AN ENABLING ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT 2.1  Reflect the growing scarcity of natural resources Taxes and other pricing instruments imposed on mining, real estate as well as pasture, wood and wood-based industries reviewed with the goal of regulating production to a sustainable degree 1998 DOF
2.2  Promote stable and boadbased economic development in output and employment through a range of fiscal, monetary and investment policies consistent with PA 21 MTPDP updated and SD principles incorporated in the successor MTPDP using PA 21 as a guide 1997 All agencies
2.3  Improve current efforts to consider and adequately value natural capital or ecosystem services in socio-economic decisions; establish a reliable database on social valuation estimates of environmental services Initial institutionalization of ENRA  as an environmental management tool:
  • reforms introduced in the Philippine Statistical System
  • area-based ENRS/SD database developed
  • necessary institutional structures for ENRA implementation in government created
  • joint implementation of ENRA with other key stakeholders (e.g. business, NGOs, academe, etc.) promoted
Market-based or economic instruments to complement command and control approaches to environmental management identified and implemented 1998 - 2000 NEDA, DENR, DOF
Analytical tools and methodologies developed to analyze cross-sector impacts of policies/programs 1998 NEDA
Action impact matrix formulated 1998 NEDA, POPCOM, DENR
PDE modeling developed 2000
2.4  Strengthen the EIA process Social acceptability analysis, and environmental risk assessment institutionalized 1997 DENR
Extended cost benefit analysis developed 1998 NEDA
EO 291 fully institutionalized  1997 All agencies
Ensure that PA 21 Principles of Unity and Action Agenda form the Framework and Core of Philippine Engagement in International Arrangements and Agreements 2.5  Strengthen SD as the Government's Framework for Engagement in APEC and other international fora Appropriate SD language incorporated in: DFA, DTI, DENR, NEDA
  • Declaration of APEC leaders
  • APEC Framework for Development Cooperation
  • RP positions in different levels of APEC and other international fora
1996 - onwards
3.  EMPLOYMENT, PRODUCTIVITY AND INCOME 3.1   Conduct tripartite domestic employment generation planning on an industry-by-industry level Comprehensive Employment Strategy Program implemented 1996 - onwards DOLE, TUs, TESDA, business sector
3.2  Strengthen right to unionization by working for the amendment of the Labor Code to facilitate unionization Bill amending the Labor code certified 1998 DOLE, PEZA, LGUs, TUs
3.3  implement existing legal provisions on labor only contracting 1997 - onwards
3.4  Establish safety nets WTO safety nets for labor implemented through actual budgetary support 1998 DBM, DOLE, DTI, TUs, LGUs
Job counseling centers, unemployment assistance program, labor market information networks, reskilling and retraining programs established 1998 DOLE, TESDA, LGUs, TUs
3.5  Strengthening cooperatives as economic instruments for achieving SD Special lending windows with credit and preferential rates established and sustained 1998 CDA, DTI, DOLE, TUs
Sufficient support given to informal sector to organize into cooperatives 1998 DOLE, DTI, CDA, TUs
3.6  Tax reform to make the system more progressive and equitable Appropriate bills certified 1998 DOF
3.7  Provide a social charter to protect workers rights in international fora and agreements Social charter/clause included in appropriate fora and agreements entered into by the Philippines 1998 DOLE, DFA
3.8  Greening the workplace "Green clause" and a green fund in CBAs created 1998 - continuing  TUs. business sector, civil society
Employee participation scheme provided by CBAs in:
-  internal pollution prevention audits
-  formal SD suggestion schemes
-  participative SD team management
1998 - continuing TUs. business sector, civil society
Trainors training conducted on health (OSH) and SD 1997 TUs, DOLE
Alternative  "cultures" developed within the company and industry 2005 - 2025 TUs
OSH conditions upgraded within the company and industry.  Tripartite consultations conducted in the process of defining "hazardous" substances/practices 1998 DOLE, TUs
Issues related to the informal sector 3.9  Implement policies and strategies contained in the CESP, SRA, WIDNB Act and other relevant programs 1998 DOLE, TUs, NCRFW, SRC, all other agencies
Issues related to child labor 3.10  Fair remuneration, limited hours, health and safety, social safety coverage Barangay councils for the Protection of Children and Municipal Rehabilitation Centers established 1998 DOLE, LGUs, TUs, NGOs
3.11  Establishment of task force for child labor RA 7610 Article VIII and RA 7658 on working children implemented

Bill certified

Phenomenal rise of basement labor 3.12  Institute a labor clause protection in all current and subsequent legislations and executive orders Bill certified amending the Labor Code to curb the current abuse of the provision on permissible job contracting 1998 DOLE
Tripartite Work council established for every industrial center or area and for every industry to monitor compliance with all existing labor laws and social legislation, e.g. SSS, MEDICARE, ECC 1997 DOLE, TUs, DTI
Continuing migration of labor 3.13  Negotiate and work for the establishment of internationally agreed standards for rights of workers, including migrants Negotiate and work for the setting-up of bilateral or multilateral agreements on the protection of migrant workers, and particularly on the UN Convention on the Rights of Migrants 1998 DOLE
4.  INVESTING IN HUMAN DEVELOPMENT  4.1  Promote the use of indicators/indices to measure human development including HDI Information campaign on the use of HD indicators conducted 1996 - continuing HDN, DSWD, POPCOM
Maximizing Human Resource Productive Capacities and Potential 4.2  Formulate an HRD Plan for SD HRD Plan drafted 1997 PCSD
5.  HUMAN HEALTH 5.1  Build the capability of the health sector to integrate SD concerns in responding to the current and emerging health needs of the population Environmental and health impact assessment developed 1997 DOH, DENR
6.  HUMAN SETTLEMENTS 6.1  Encourage local governments to determine their own human settlements mechanisms based on the Local Government Code, UDHA and the local land use  Local housing boards created with multistakeholder participation 1998 HUDCC, financing institutions, DILG
Housing concerns integrated in designing ecosystem-based interventions 1998 CREBA, HIGC, informal settlers organizations
Small settlements centers improved through the provision of basic services including housing, health, education, water facilities and infrastructure support facilities 1998
7.  FOOD SECURITY 7.1  Promote the adoption of integrated financing approach covering all aspects of agricultural operations Integrated financing approach covering all aspects of agricultural operations adopted LBP, DBP, BSF
7.2  Rationalize and strengthen  farmers' organizations to facilitate the integration of the agricultural sector into the mainstream economy  Mandate of local councils (e.g. Agricultural Fishery Councils) broadened to include food security and environmental protection concerns 1998  DA
Capabilities of LGUs for local planning and implementation of food security and environment programs developed 
Strategic communication and social mobilization plan for food security and environmental protection implemented
7.3  Establish an information support system that will provide integrated and consolidated weather, soils, agricultural technology and market information A system for validating local statistics, e.g. on food stocks/inventories and production established NAMRIA, DA
Effective agricultural market  information service established
8.  LAND USE 8.1  Review policies on land conversion and work for the passage of the National Land Use Act Review of policies completed  1998 NEDA. NLUC, PCSD
Draft National Land Use Act reviewed and revised in coordination with Congress 1996
9.  POPULATION MANAGEMENT 9.1  Strengthen the population education with values formation on the care of the environment Appropriate module designed for integration into formal and informal education programs 1996 DECS, POPCOM, DENR
9.2  Improve access of reproductive health or life cycle service through the primary health care system to all individuals of appropriate ages Primary Health Care established 1998 - 2005 POPCOM, DOH, DSWD, Civil Society, LGUs
Health Centers established nationwide
9.3  Promote responsible and healthy reproductive and sex behavior among adolescents through appropriate sex education (with parental involvement and consent) Appropriate responsible reproductive behavior education module designed and integrated into formal education program 1998 POPCOM, DOH, DSWD, Civil Society
9.4  Develop a reproductive health indicator system to identify gaps and map out strategies to provide quality care Reproductive health care developed 1998 POPCOM, DOH, DSWD, Civil Society
9.5  Undertake studies and researches to determine appropriate population levels within each ecosystem Studies conducted on the interrelationship between fertility and mortality levels 

Population, resources and environment (PRE) model developed

Resource studies developed on food sufficiency, energy, water, and other critical resources

Appropriate indicators for PRE balance and carrying capacity developed

1998 - 2005 POPCOM, DENR, DA, DOE, DOST
10.  DISASTER MANAGEMENT 10.1  Reducing vulnerability and reducing hazards Hazard mapping undertaken

Capability of communities to undertake hazard mapping developed

Vulnerability assessment studies undertaken

10.2  Develop sustainable mechanisms for disaster management Current disaster management mechanisms enhanced and broadened for prevention and increased productivity

Disaster management integrated into development planning and programming

Institutional framework for disaster management developed

Role of public IEC in disaster management enhanced

Compensation, mitigation, rehabilitation, technologies for clean-up developed, promoted, adopted and utilized

1997 - onwards DILG, LGUs, DSWD, DOST, NAMRIA, DND
11.  LEGISLATIVE AGENDA 11.1  Work with Congress on the passage of the following bills: Certification as an urgent bill  1997 - 1998 PLLO, all concerned agencies
Ancestral Domain, delineating forestlands and watershed area, The Billion Tress Program, Magna Carta for Upland Farmers, law imposing higher taxes on idle lands, National Land Use Act, imposing total ban on the use of inorganic fertilizer, declaring a national solid waste policy, New Fisheries Code, Clean Water Act, Oil Spill Prevention Act, curbing industrial pollution, Clean Air Act, laws guaranteeing affordable housing, non-conventional energy bill Position papers prepared PCSD, Civil Society, other interested lobby groups and parties
11.2  Undertake review of legislations with the end view of identifying gaps and preparing/instituting necessary changes List of key pending bills

Gaps in legislation identified

Appropriate legislation(s) proposed

1996 - 1997 PCSD Sub-Committee on Legal and Institutional Arrangements
11.3  Review and monitor implementation of SD-related laws Priority list of laws 1996 PCSD Sub-Committee on Legal and Institutional Arrangements, Congress, LEDAC, OP
Public hearings, workshops on improving implementation mechanisms conducted 1997
AOs IRRs issued 1997
11.4  Conduct information, education, training and joint planning sessions with appropriate congressional committees and other key persons of relevant agencies on SD Information/education/training seminars held for relevant agency or body 1996 - 1997 All agencies
Joint planning sessions with congressional committees 1997 All agencies
11.5  Integrate SD in curriculum content at different levels of education Training modules developed 1997 DECS, CHED


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