Chapter 2: Action Agenda

  FOREST ECOSYSTEM

ISSUES /
CONCERNS
STRATEGY /
ACTION AGENDA
TARGETS TIME
TABLE
INSTITUTIONS
INVOLVED
1.  Expanding marginal, degraded, unproductive upland areas 1.1  Determine the extent of the country's forest resources
a)  delineate the final boundaries of forest resources and establish a permanent forest line Final boundaries of forest resources delineated before 1998 DENR, LGUs, NAMRIA, communities
1.2  Enhance forest conservation, protection and sustainable management efforts, and green degraded areas through forest rehabilitation, afforestation, and other rehabilitative means -  An estimated 6 million hectares of forest maintained before 1998 DENR, DOE, LGUs
-  Effective forest cover in all critical watersheds and identified community forests expanded before 1998 DENR, DOE, LGUs
-  100 percent of fuelwood and other forest product needs of all rural communities met 2001 DENR, DOE, LGUs
a)  establish national and local forest tree seed centers 1.  National forest tree seed center established in Los Baņos, Laguna before 1998 DENR (ERDs, FMB), DA, SCUs, LGUs, NGOs
2.  Local forest tree seed distribution centers established before 1998 Foreign Funding Agencies and Institutions
b)  produce high quality seeds and planting stocks through seed orchards provenance trials, and progeny testing Five (5) species produced by 2002
c)  undertake biological fertilization through the use of rhizobia, and mychorriza to increase soil productivity
1.3  Intensify R & D activities
a)  intensify R & D site-species compatibility for the grassland, open land and degraded areas 100 indigenous tree/grass/forage species screened every two years for reforestation/grazing purposes 1997-2001 DENR, ERDB, ERDS, DA, LGUs, SCUs, NGOs
b) biological characterization of specific and critical watershed, grassland and degraded areas Information on the status of the biological diversity and carrying capacities of critical watersheds, grasslands and degraded areas collected and disseminated 1997-2001 DENR, ERDB, ERDS, DA, LGUs, SCUs, NGOs
c)  intensify R & D for seed technology and planting stock production before 1998 DENR, ERDB, ERDS, DA, LGUs, SCUs, NGOs
d)  determine appropriate plantation techniques for open land and degraded areas with the primary purpose of enhancing the growth and development of various reforestation species Appropriate plantation techniques such as interplanting of symbiotic forest tree  per region per province and municipality introduced and adopted 1997-2001 DENR, ERDB, FMB, ERDS, DA, LGUs, SCUs, NGO/POs
e)  determine erosion control measures on critical slopes, roads and stream banks, fill slopes, rills and gullies of critical watersheds and disseminate information Appropriate erosion control techniques (vegetative, engineering and the combination) on a wide array of site conditions using the integrated development approach introduced and adopted 1997-2001 DENR, ERDB, FMB, ERDS, DA, LGUs, SCUs, NGO/POs
f)  intensify R & D on grassland uses, improvement and fire prevention control Appropriate grazing management techniques/schemes introduced and adopted with the aim of increasing carrying capacity of natural grassland in Regions 2, 3, 4, 5, 10 and 12 1997-2201 DENR (ERDB, ERDS, FMB), DA, SCUs, LGUs, Ranchers
Most effective means of preventing and controlling fire in grasslands developed. Means of using fire as a tool in managing and improving the productivity and sustainability of the grassland area developed 1997-2001 DENR (ERDB, ERDS, FMB), DA, SCUs, LGUs, Ranchers
g)  assess the present strategies on forestation and afforestation Regular reforestation, enrichment planting, ANR, CBFM/CBRFM strategies assessed 1997-2001 DENR, ERDB, ERDS, LGUs, NGO/POs
h)  assess and evaluate soil productivity and water conservation techniques of CPEUs, CBFM and other development project sites Assessment of upland practices in terms of productivity and water conservation potential in various upland development projects conducted by 2006 ERDB, ERDS, LGUs, CENROs, PENROs, NGO/POs, Academe, DAR, DOST, DA
i)  conduct multi-location and species trials of high value and agroforestry crops Information and adaptation of various potential agro-crops in different soil and climatic types gathered and disseminated nationwide 1997-2001
j)  develop an effective pest and disease management control system Monitoring and control system for all regions developed by 2000
k)  conduct a survey of pests and diseases Various pests and diseases affecting other forestry crops identified 1997-2001
l)  Identify appropriate control measures to prevent pest and disease problems in the uplands Appropriate measures (biological) for the control/prevention of pest and disease problems identified 1997-2001
1.4  Expand the implementation of all People-Oriented Forestry Program such as:
a)  Full implementation of Community-Based Forestry Management Program (CBFM) CBFM  - 1.5 M hectares established by 2000
b)  Accelerated implementation of the Integrated Social Forestry (ISF) Program ISF - 2,790,000 hectares established
      - 930,000 households benefited
by 2000
c)  Full implementation of the Community Forestry Program (CFP) CFP - 2,457,000 hectares managed
        - 214,000 households benefited
by 2000
d)  Implementation of Community-Based Reforestation and Forest Plantations FLMA - 636,000 hectares reforested
          - 91,000 households benefited
by 2000
1.5  Establish industrial forest plantations 500,000 of forest plantations established to produce needed wood and lumber products by 2000 Private sector, cooperatives, NGO/POs, CBO
Tree plantation corridors of 300,000 hectares identified and delineated by 1998 DENR, DTI, DAR, DILG, NGO/POs, private sector
a)  pilot test agro-forestry technologies in upland areas Agroforestry technology in upland areas pilot-tested 1997-2001 DENR, DTI, DAR, DILG, NGO/POs, private sector
b)  provide alternative sources of livelihood to uplift the socio-economic conditions of upland communities and establish upland livelihood enterprises that would provide technology, credit and marketing assistance Pilot unit established in DENR's non-CBFM Program areas by 2000
1.6  Institutionalize effective Multi-Sectoral Forest Protection Committees (MFPC) at least one MFPC per illegal logging "hotspot" estalished by 1998
one central forest pest control center and regional units established by 1998
1.7  Promote indigenous knowledge and technologies

a)  conduct survey of traditional and cultural practices
30 tribes covered 1997-2000 ERDB, ERDS. LGUs, CENROs, PENROs, NGO/POs
2.  Unsustainable management of remaining production forest 2.1  Manage the remaining forest in a sustainable manner and expand dipterocarp areas both for ecological and commercial purposes - 2,486,000 hectares of production areas delineated and managed 1998-2005 DENR, LGUs, NAMRIA, NGO/POs, private sector, cooperatives, communities
a)  Establish permanent production forest estates Timber Stand Improvement (TSI): 75,000 hectares improved annually up to year 2000 and 17,000 hectares annually up to year 2015 1997-2015
Enrichment Planting with annual target of 40,000 hectares planted up to year 2000 and annual target of 5,000 hectares up to year 2015 1997-2015 DENR, NAMRIA, private sector, communities
Forest Estates Protected Areas - 236,000 hectares established by 1998
b)  Strengthen the Program for the Management of the Dipterocarp Forests
c)  Include requirement on an effective alternative forest management system (including possible shift to community forest management) of expired TLA areas Guidelines and policy instruments developed 1996 DENR, NEDA, DTI
2.2  Intensify R & D activities
a)  Undertake R & D  on alternative species for timber production Identification, location and cost and return studies on alternative species conducted by 2000 DENR (ERDB, ERDS), DOST, SCUs, private sector
b)  Undertake R & D on alternative harvesting techniques for the residual forests Existing methods improved and/or pilot tested; appropriate tools and equipment developed by 2010 DENR (ERDB, ERDS), DOST, SCUs, private sector
c)  Develop tree volume equations Seven (7) species covered by 2000 DENR, Regional Offices, ITP holders
d)  Conduct ergonomics and harvesting studies Labor-intensive harvesting method for residual forests and plantations developed by 2010 DENR (ERDB, ERDS), ITP holders, NGOs, DOLE, DBFM
2.3  Develop the wood-based industry Uneconomic/inefficient mills phased out/retooled
New mills in the following plants established for increased processing efficiency and matched to sustainable supply sources:
- fiberboard mill - 1 unit
- sawmill - 60 watts
- plywood mill - 10 units
- community sawmills - 75 units
- plantation-based sawmills - 2 units
- particle board mill - 2 units

At least 65,000 ha. of rattan developed (government: 15,000 ha.; private: 50,000 ha.)

2000
2015
2015
2015
2015
2015

2015

2.4  Valuation of goods and services that reflect the full social and environmental costs of forest and forest products Forest valuation which include timber and non-timber resources developed by stakeholders 1997
Study on valuation of activities that are non-degrading and has value-added component to forest/forest lands such as wildlife conservation and ecotourism completed 1997
Study on internalization of environmental costs completed 1998
Stumpage process set to reflect the forest products' full value
ENRA initiatives, after due consultation with key stakeholders, with the view of influencing the perspective of planners and decision makers at all levels with respect to sustainable development promoted 1998
Markets and trade in forest products through relevant institutions; policies promoted/improved 1997 DENR, NEDA, NGOs, LGUs
a)  formulation of quarantine procedures for imported forest products Forests protected from pest and disease infestation; DAO on procedures formulated 1997 DENR. DA, Bureau of Customs, DTI, private sector
3.  Under-utilization of non-timber resources 3.1  Conduct nationwide forest resources inventory using state of the art remote sensing technology and involving community stakeholders for ground truthing and validation The country's forest cover for planning and decision-making purposes estimated before 1998 DENR, LGUs, communities
The economic and option value of forest resources estimated before 1998 DENR, LGUs, communities
3.2  Implement an Integrated Watershed Management Program (IWMP) Five critical watersheds with IWMP protected
- additional five
-additional ten
1998

2000
2010
DENR, DA, LGUs, NWRB, NGOs/POs, academe
a)  Implementation of an Integrated Watershed Management Program
(i) computer data-basing of major critical watersheds Database of eighteen (18) watershed areas established 1997-1999 DENR (ERDB, ERDS)
(ii) Flood forecasting and monitoring system One (1) prototype model installed 1997-1998
b)  Conduct an assessment/review of various upland development project/policies Assessment of upland development projects in various regions completed 1997-2001 DENR (ERDB, ERDS), PENROs, LGUs, NGOs/POs, academe
c)  Initiate establishment and proclamation of watershed areas in their own localities DENR, LGUs, communities
3.3  Develop non-wood-based industry
a)  Establish local industries at least 65,000 ha. of rattan plantation developed (government: 15,000 ha.; private: 50,000 ha.) 1997-2015
at least 35,000 ha. of bamboo plantation developed (government: 5,000 ha.; private: 30,000 ha.) 2000
5,000 ha. cinchona plantations established 2000 DENR, DOST, NGOs/POs, private sector
5 ha. seed orchards/region established 2015
10,000 tons of almaciga produced 2015
45 tons of Manila efemi produced 2000
25 rattan-based industries established 2000
25 bamboo-based industries established 2005
10 resin/gum processing plants established for increased employment, income and retained value 2000
Develop productive plantations (non-timber forest products) in sub-marginal stands Non-wood forest products and other forms of forest resources apart from fuelwood promoted 1998 DENR, DOST, DTI, private sector
Plantation techniques for five (5) non-timber species developed by 2002 DENR (ERDB, ERDS) LGUs, NGOs
3.3  Intensify R & D
a)  Undertake R & D on alternative harvesting techniques for non-timber products Existing methods improved and/or pilot tested; appropriate tools and equipment developed by 2010 DENR (ERDS, ERDB), TLAs, DOST, SCU, NGOs
4.  Weak Institutional Capability for Forest Management (to include communities, regulatory agencies and support institutions) 4.1  Institutionalize support for sustainable forest management
a)  create more strategically-sited Centers for People Empowerment in the Uplands (CPEUs) which will be linked with an academe-based National Upland Development Academy (NUDA) Training of upland farmers, extension and development workers on environment-friendly and sustainable farming techniques for the uplands provided 1997-2000 DENR, LGUs, NGOs/POs, academe
b)  create a Community-Based Forestry Management (CBFM) Coordinating Office CBFM Office created 1996 DENR
c)  establish a trust fund for the uplands to be administered by an Upland Development Foundation Trust fund that will finance upland development efforts sustainably established 1997 DENR, private sector
d)  realign the functions of DENR field offices to support provisions of EO 263 (Adopting Community-Based Forest Management as the National Strategy  to ensure the Sustainable Development of the Country's Forestland Resources and Providing Mechanisms for its implementation) All DENR field offices reoriented on sustainable upland management 1996 DENR, DA, DAR, NGOs/POs, donors
4.2  Develop and implement EIS scoping guidelines and procedures for logging and other Forestry projects; requiring ECC for each forestry project EIA scoping guidelines and procedures developed 1996 DENR
4.3  Promote human resource development for sustainable forest management 1997
a) strengthen the capability of existing CPEUs by training more LGUs and communities-on-site on sustainable upland farming techniques A critical mass of upland workers on sustainable upland management trained 1997 DENR, DA, DILG, LGUs, NGOs/POs, communities
b)  provide training to all DENR field staff and forest protection officers to reorient them into becoming community extension/organization workers Field staff trained 1997
c)  encourage the participation of youth and women in forest development activities Guidelines for integrating youth and women's participation in upland development projects developed and implemented 1997 DENR, NCRFW, DA, DAR, NGOs/POs, organizations
d)  develop capabilities to monitor and control pests and diseases trainings conducted
4.4  Provide adequate, timely and credible information for effective planning, monitoring, and policy/decision making
a)  develop at the regional level systematic electronic databases and provide electronic access Databases developed at the regional level 1997-2000 NCR, NAMRIA, NCC, electronic networking organizations, NGOs/POs
b) institutionalize community-based information system using local resources/technology for information generation, packaging and exchange System implemented on a pilot-basis and expanded to cover all provinces 1997-2000 DENR, DA, DAR,DILG, PCARRD, academe, PIA, media, NGOs/POs
c)  conduct intensive and nationwide IEC to transfer/disseminate appropriate technologies based on research and successful experiences Modules and appropriate IEC materials developed and delivered through a multi-agency approach
4.5  Institutionalize effective multi-sectoral Forest Protection Committees (MFPC) - Areas of need identified by 1998 DENR, LGUs, NAMRIA, DND, NGOs/POs, communities
- At least one MFPC per illegal logging "hotspot" 1998
a)  strengthen DENR capabilities in forest protection in terms of manpower and logistics support - One central forest pest control center and regional units 1998 DENR, LGUs, NGOs/POs
b)  shift forest protection strategy from purely police work to extension/education/community organizing Recipients of Community Forestry management Agreements (CFMAs) and Certificates of Ancestral Domain 1998 DENR, LGUs, DND, NGOs/POs, communities
c)  increase forest protection force ratio to one forest guard per 300 ha. Claims (CADCs) converted into guardians of the forest protected through "social fencing" DENR, LGUs, NGOs/POs
5  Policy reforms 5.1  Adopt an integrated package of intervention in addressing the underlying causes of deforestation
a)  conduct a comprehensive review of tenurial instruments with the end in view of integrating them into one instrument and further strengthening such instruments against encroachments Policy decision made, integrated into legislative and administrative instruments by 1996 DENR, LGUs, NGOs/POs, private sector
(a.1) conduct policy studies on tenurial arrangements Policy on tenurial arrangements formulated 1997-2000 DAR, DOST, DA, DENR (ERDB, ERDS), LGUs, CENROs, PENROs, NGOs/POs, academe
b)  prepare a development plan prior to issuance of Certificate of Ancestral Domain Claims (CADC) 1998
5.2  Recognize Ancestral Domain Claims
a)  prior to the enactment of the Ancestral Domain Law continue recognition of IPs ancestral domain
b)  enactment of Ancestral Domain Law Passage of Ancestral Domain Law by 1997 DENR, DAR, NGOs/POs, communities, Congress
c)  provide support in an appropriate manner, in the development of Ancestral Domain plans/programs Trainings in management, development and planning provided continuing DENR, LGUs, NGOs/POs
5.3  Pass the New Forestry Code which provides support to community management of forest resources Passage of the New Forestry Code for old growth forests and critical watersheds before 1998 LGUs, NGOs/POs, institutions, Congress
5.4  Pass the national land Use Act that rationalizes land allocation along ecological protection and social equity principles Passage of the National Land Use Act before 1998 LGUs, NAMRIA, NGOs/POs, institutions, Congress
Nationwide land classification and sub-classification activities undertaken


List of ACRONYMS

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