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Philippine Wetlands

Lumban Delta at the Laguna de Bay       The Philippines has 4 wetlands which are declared Ramsar sites.  The Olango Island in Lapu-lapu, Cebu (920 hectares) is used by millions of shorebirds as a resting place enroute from Siberia and northern Japan to Southeast Asia and Australia. These migratory birds come to this waterfowl haven to escape the fierce winters in northern Asia. Each year Olango sees nearly a hundred different species of birds, a number of which are migratory.  Among the frequent guests are Chinese egrets, Asiatic dowitchers, Eastern curlews, plovers, and sandpipers.

        Naujan Lake National Park in Oriental Mindoro (14,568 ha) is the fifth largest lake in the Philippines (14km by 7km); it is volcanic in origin and receives water from local run-off with no major effluents.  There are large areas of shallow water with an abundant growth of aquatic vegetation.  Most of the people in the area depend upon the lake for their livelihood, particularly through fishing. 

        The Agusan Marsh Wildlife Sanctuary (14,836 ha) includes a vast complex of freshwater marshes and water-courses with numerous shallow lakes and ponds in the upper basin of the Agusan River and its tributaries, which rise in the hills of eastern Mindanao.  Some parts of the marsh have been converted into fish ponds and rice paddies.  The site acts as storage for rain water and reduces the immediate downstream flow of flood water into Butuan City and other population centers.

        Tubbataha Reefs National Marine Park (33,200 ha), located in the middle of the Central Sulu Sea about 150 kilometers southeast of Puerto Princesa City, is well-known amongst fishermen in the southern Philippines and scuba divers around the world.  Some 46 coral genera and more than 300 coral species have been recorded, as well as at least 40 families and 379 species of fish.  Sea turtles, sharks, tuna, dolphins, and jackfish are also found in the reefs. The Park was inscribed in UNESCO's World Heritage list in 1993.

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some of the major wetlands in the Philippines -

   AGUSAN MARSH

Location : Province of Agusan del Sur

Agusan Marsh is the largest and the least disturbed freshwater wetland in the Philippines. It holds the largest remaining population of Crocodylus poposus and Crocolylus mindorensis in the country. It has vital importance in its flood control and sediment retention functions.

LINKS:

Bundok Philippines

Ramsar Convention

Asean Regional Center for Biodiversity Conservation


   APO REEF

Location : Municipality of Sablayan,
               Province of Occidental Mindoro

The largest coral atoll in the Philippines, is a 3-meter deep channel with fine white sand bottom, numerous mounds and patches of corals separating the reef also makes it particularly unique.

LINKS:

Asean Regional Center for Biodiversity Conservation

Bundok Philippines


   BALAYAN BAY

Location : Batangas Province

Balayan Bay is a diverse range of coastal ecosystems which includes seagrass beds, fringing reef and extensive mudflats.

LINK:

Asean Regional Center for Biodiversity Conservation


   LAGUNA DE BAY

Location : Provinces of Rizal and Laguna

Laguna de Bay is the most important freshwater wetland in the Philippines in terms of support to local communities. However, it is now threatened with inappropriate various development projects and over-exploitation of its resources.

LINKS:

Asean Regional Center for Biodiversity Conservation

Conservation of Laguna de Bay’s Environment and Resources

Laguna Lake Development Authority

Living Lakes Network


   BUGUEY WETLANDS

Location : Buguey, Cagayan Province

This very diverse coastal ecosystem, consisting of brackish lagoon, freshwater marshes, mangroves and intertidal mudflats, is an important area for migratory waterfowl, especially ducks and shorebirds.

LINK:

Asean Regional Center for Biodiversity Conservation


   CABULAO BAY

Location : Tagbilaran City, Bohol

This very diverse coastal ecosystems, consisting of shallow sea with offshore inlands, mangroves, rivers, estuaries and mudflats, is one of the least disturbed coastal areas in the province of Bohol. The endangered Crocodylus porosus is found in this bay.


  CANDABA SWAMP

Location : Provinces of Bulacan and Pampanga

The Candaba Swamp has been recommended to be protected (under the Ramsar Convention evaluation) due to its importance in the flood control for the downstream Pampanga River. It also serves as a staging and wintering area for ducks and egrets.

LINK:

Asean Regional Center for Biodiversity Conservation


  LAKE DUMINAGAT

Location : Mount Malindang, Misamis Occidental

Lake Duminagat is a crater lake located in Mt. Malindang Natural Park, which is one of the Protected Areas in the Philippines.  The Park represents the flora and fauna of the Zamboanga biogeographic zone.

LINKS:

Biodiversity Research Project of SEARCA


  INABANGA COAST

Location : Inabanga, Bohol

One of the largest areas of mangrove in Bohol is found in Inabanga Coast. It is the wintering area for the rare Asiatic Dowitcher (Limnodromus semipalmatus).

LINK:

Asean Regional Center for Biodiversity Conservation


  LAKE LANAO

Location : Lanao del Sur Province

Lake Lanao is said to have around 18 species of cyprinid fish endemic to the lake.

LINK:

Asean Regional Center for Biodiversity Conservation


  LANGARAN RIVER

Location : Mount Malindang, Misamis Occidental

Langaran River is located in the northeastern part of Mt. Malindang, a mountain range that became a National Park in 1971 by virtue of Republic Act No. 6266.  The river plays a vital role in the economy of the surrounding municipalities.  Aside from being the domestic abode of many communities, vast farmers are dependent on the irrigation waters from the three dams built along it.


  LEYTE SAB-A BASIN

Location : Province of Leyte

The basin is a 90,000-hectare of herbaceous swamp, with small lakes and ponds. It is known to be a staging and wintering area for egrets and ducks.

LINK:

Asean Regional Center for Biodiversity Conservation


  LIGUASAN MARSH

Location : South Cotabato Province

The largest marsh in the Philippines is the home of a considerable population of Crocodylus poposus and Crocolylus mindorensis.

LINKS:

BIMP - East Asia Growth Area

United Nations Development Programme – SGP

Asean Regional Center for Biodiversity Conservation


   MALAMPAYA SOUND

Location : Taytay, Palawan

One of the largest remaining areas of relatively undisturbed mangrove forest in the Philippines is found in the inner Sound. This is also one of the most important fishing grounds in the country.

LINKS:

Integrated Approaches to participatory Development

Palawan Council for Sustainable Development

Bundok Philippines

National Integrated Protected Areas Programme


  MANILA BAY

Location : Cavite City and Balanga, Bataan

The bay has of vital importance to subsistence fishing for communities around Metro Manila, undoubtedly the most important wetland in socio-economic terms. It has been threatened by massive pollution by domestic and industrial wastes, and over-exploitation of its resources.

LINKS:

Partnerships in Environmental Management for the Seas of East Asia

Asean Regional Center for Biodiversity Conservation

Bartlebay.com


  LAKE MANGUAO

Location : Taytay, Palawan

The only lake in the province of Palawan which has at least three species of fish endemic to the lake. Lake Manguao is probably the least disturbed lake in the country with catchment area of high quality monsoonal forest.

LINKS:

  NAUJAN LAKE

Location : Oriental Mindoro

The lake has very diversity of fish species, and an important staging and wintering area for large number of ducks.

LINKS:

  OLANGO ISLAND

Location : Mactan Island, Cebu City

The island is one of the most important staging areas identified for the migratory shorebirds in the Philippines. Recorded as the most important site for the rare Asiatic Dowitcher (Limnodromus semipalmatus). The island has mangrove, offshore coral reefs, and extensive coralline sandflats and seagrass beds.

LINKS:

One Ocean

Asean Regional Center for Biodiversity Conservation

Department of Trade and Industry, Region 7


   PANGUIL BAY

Location : Provinces of Misamis Occidental and Zamboanga del Sur

The bay, which has an extensive mangroves, is a very important area for support of local communities. Migratory shorebirds, Chinese Pond Heron (Ardeola bacchus) and little egret (Egretta garzetta) are found in this area.

LINKS:

   PAOAY LAKE

Location : Ilocos Norte

The lake covers 387.5 ha. with five barangays sharing its coastline.  It is a natural body of fresh water without tributaries.  It's deepest part is 7.5 m and the most shallow is 3 - 5 meters.


  PUERTO PRINCESA
       SUBTERRANEAN RIVER

Location: Province of Palawan

A World Heritage site, and one of the longest navigable underground rivers in the world which features cathedral-like caverns and domes.  This underground river is home to other cove dwelling fauna.

LINK:

Palawan Council for Sustainable Development


  LAKE SEBU

Location : Provinces of South Cotabato and Sultan Kudarat

The watershed of Lake Sebu is recognized as one of the most important watershed areas in the country.  The 92,450-ha landscape was proclaimed as a Protected Landscape on 24 September 1985.

LINK:

   SIARGAO ISLAND

Location : Surigao City (Surigao del Norte)

The most extensive mangrove forest in the country, which support to a large number of human population, is found in this island.

LINKS:

Bundok Philippines

Surigao City


  LAKE TAAL

Location : Taal, Batangas

Taal Lake has one of the highest levels of diversity of migratory fishes of any lake in the country. It also has high scenic values and is important in tourism.

LINKS:

   TALABONG ISLAND & BAIS BAYS

Location : Dumaguete City (Negros Oriental)

A mangrove island in a bay, making the area so different to other bays, and with extensive mudflats which support many species invertebrates and fishes. Large number of ducks, herons and egrets use the island as a feeding area.

LINK:

  TAYABAS BAY

Location : General Luna, Quezon Province

The bay includes a vast areas of mangrove and extensive intertidal mudflats. It is known to be the staging and wintering area for migratory herons, egrets and shorebirds.

LINK:

  TUBBATAHA REEF

Location : Province of Palawan

Located at 150 kilometers southeast of Puerto Princesa City, this national marine park is well-known amongst fishermen in the southern Philippines and scuba divers around the world.

LINKS:

Palawan Council for Sustainable Development

UNESCO World Heritage

UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre

Bundok Philippines

Asean Regional Center for Biodiversity Conservation


   TURTLE ISLAND

Location : southwestern tip of the Philippines, between Philippines and Malaysia

Turtle Islands, aprotected area since 1996, is a major nesting site of the endangered green sea turtle (Chelonia mydas).   The different islands exhibit varied vegetative cover; its vast water area supports diverse species of fish and other marine invertebrates of very high commercial value.

LINKS:

One Ocean

Bundok Philippines

Palawan


  ULUGAN BAY

Location : Province of Palawan

A large area of high quality mangroves is found in the inner part of the bay. It represents one of the very few remaining areas of old-growth mangrove in the country.

LINKS:

UNESCO – Environment and Development in Coastal Regions and in Small Islands

UNESCO – CSI Wise Coastal Practices

Asean Regional Center for Biodiversity Conservation


 

 

SOCIETY FOR THE CONSERVATION OF PHILIPPINE WETLANDS, INC.
9th Floor, Strata 100 Condominium
Emerald Avenue, Ortigas Center, Pasig City, Philippines
Tel/fax (63)(2) 637-2409
email:
[email protected]
www.psdn.org.ph/wetlands

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